Stereotyped B-cell responses are linked to IgG constant region polymorphisms in multiple sclerosis
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Clonally related B cells infiltrate the brain, meninges, and cerebrospinal fluid of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, but the mechanisms driving the B-cell response and shaping the immunoglobulin repertoires remain unclear. Here, we used single-cell full-length RNA-seq and B-cell receptor reconstruction to simultaneously assess the phenotypes, isotypes, constant region polymorphisms, and the paired heavy- and light-chain repertoires in intrathecal B cells. We detected extensive clonal connections between the memory B cell and antibody-secreting cell compartments and observed clonally related cells of different isotypes, including IgM/IgG1, IgG1/IgA1, IgG1/IgG2, and IgM/IgA1. There was a strong dominance of the G1m1 allotype constant region polymorphisms in antibody-secreting cells, but not in memory B cells. Tightly linked to the G1m1 allotype, we found a preferential pairing of the immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable (IGHV)4 gene family with the κ variable (IGKV)1 gene family. The IGHV4-39 gene was most used and showed the highest frequency of pairing with IGKV1-5 and IGKV1(D)-33. ... (Show More)
Study Datasets 2 datasets.
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Computationally reconstructed B-cell receptor sequences (using BraCeR) from scRNA-seq data for all cells passing quality control.
scRNA-seq data of B-lineage cells from the cerebrospinal fluid of 21 patients with multiple sclerosis. The data was generated with the Smart-seq2 protocol and sequenced on Illumina NextSeq500.