Genome-wide Rare Variant Score Associates With Morphological Subtypes of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001005753 Other

Study Description

Defining different genetic subtypes of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can help predict developmental outcomes. Based on minor physical and major congenital anomalies, we categorized 325 Canadian children with ASD into dysmorphic and non-dysmorphic subgroupings. We developed a method to calculate a genome-wide rare variant score (GRVS) from whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data for each ASD proband. GRVS is a sum of the number of variants in morphology-associated coding and non-coding regions, weighted by their effect sizes. Probands with dysmorphic ASD had a significantly higher GRVS compared to those with non-dysmorphic ASD (P= 0.027). Using the polygenic transmission disequilibrium test, we observed an over-transmission of ASD-associated common variants in non-dysmorphic ASD probands (P= 2.9×10-3). We replicated our findings using 442 ASD probands that had accompanying morphology data in the Simons Simplex Collection. Our findings provide support for an alternative genomic classification of ASD subgroups using morphology data, which may inform intervention protocols.

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
We extracted DNA from whole blood or lymphoblast-derived cell lines and assessed the DNA quality with PicoGreenTM and gel electrophoresis. Whole genome sequencing was performed (Illumina HiSeq2000 and Illumina HiSeq X). WGS reads were mapped to the human reference genome assembly hg19 (GRCh37) using Burrows-Wheeler Aligner v.0.7.12 (TCAG) or Isaac v.2.0.13 (Macrogen). For each genome, we performed local realignment and quality recalibration and detected SNVs and small indels using GATK ... (Show More)
HiSeq X Five,Illumina HiSeq 2000 112

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