Identification of Germline Monoallelic Mutations in IKZF2 in Patients with Immune Dysregulation.

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001005874 Other

Study Description

Helios, encoded by IKZF2, is a member of the Ikaros family of transcription factors with pivotal roles in T-follicular helper, NK- and T-regulatory cell physiology. Somatic IKZF2 mutations are frequently found in lymphoid malignancies. Although germline mutations in IKZF1 and IKZF3, encoding Ikaros and Aiolos, have recently been identified in patients with phenotypically similar immunodeficiency syndromes, the effect of germline mutations in IKZF2 on human hematopoiesis and immunity remains enigmatic. We identified germline IKZF2 mutations (one nonsense (p.R291X)- and 4 distinct missense variants) in six patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, immune thrombocytopenia or EBV-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Patients exhibited hypogammaglobulinemia, decreased number of T-follicular helper and NKcells. Single-cell RNA sequencing of PBMCs from the patient carrying the R291X variant revealed upregulation of pro-inflammatory genes associated with T-cell receptor activation and T-cell exhaustion. Functional assays revealed the inability of HeliosR291X to homodimerize and ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
scRNA-seq dataset on a patient (P_IKZF2-het) presenting with immune dysregulation. This dataset contains raw and processed files from scRNA-seq performed on samples using the 10x Genomics Chromium Controller with the Chromium Single Cell 3′ Reagent Kit (v3 chemistry). There are three paired-end (75 bp) fastq files (I1, R1, R2) and three processed files generated with 10x Genomics Cell Ranger v3.0.2 software against GRCh38 human reference transcriptome (scrnaseq_P_IKZF2-het_barcodes.tsv.gz, ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 4000 1

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