Exome-wide mutation analysis of cell-free DNA to simultaneously monitor the full spectrum of cancer treatment outcomes
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Purpose: Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) offers a non-invasive approach to monitor cancer. Here we develop a method using whole-exome sequencing (WES) of cfDNA for simultaneously monitoring the full spectrum of cancer treatment outcomes, including MRD, recurrence, evolution, and second primary cancers. Experimental Design: Three simulation datasets were generated from 26 cancer patients to benchmark the detection performance of MRD/recurrence and second primary cancers. For further validation, cfDNA samples (n=76) from cancer patients (n=35) with six different cancer types were used for performance validation during various treatments.Results: We present a cfDNA-based cancer monitoring method, named cfTrack. Taking advantage of the broad genome coverage of WES data, cfTrack can sensitively detect MRD and cancer recurrence by integrating signals across known clonal tumor mutations of a patient. In addition, cfTrack detects tumor evolution and second primary cancers by de novo identifying emerging tumor mutations. A series of machine learning and statistical denoising techniques are applied to ... (Show More)
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We also collected samples from 8 NSCLC patients and 4 ovarian cancer patients and. For all 8 NSCLC patients, a tumor biopsy sample, a WBC sample, and three plasma samples were collected. For all 4 ovarian cancer patients, a WBC sample and two serum samples were collected. We collected tumor tissue sample from one ovarian cancer patient (OV4). The cfDNA was extracted from their plasma samples using the QIAamp circulating nucleic acid kit from QIAGEN (Germantown, MD). For serum cfDNA, ampure XP ... (Show More)
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