Rare occurrence of Aristolochic Acid Mutational Signatures in Oro-Gastrointestinal Tract Cancers
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Aristolochic Acids (AAs) are a family of carcinogenic phytochemical compounds commonly found in plants of Aristolochia and Asarum genus. Comprehensive genomic profiling of genitourinary and hepatobiliary cancers has highlighted the widespread prevalence of Aristolochic Acid (AA) signatures in cancer patients across parts of Asia, particularly in Taiwan. The aim of our study was to determine in Oro-Gastrointestinal Tract (OGITC) cancers, the prevalence, role and significance that AA plays as a driver of tumorigenesis as AA containing products are commonly administered orally. This would suggest a possible etiological relationship between cancers of OGITC. However, in this study the rarity of AA mutational signatures in OGITC suggests that AA is unlikely to drive carcinogenesis in OGITC through direct exposure. Our study is valuable to show that AA exposure is not an equal driver of tumorigenesis in different organs and represents an important piece of information in the field.
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54 samples consisting of COAD, ESCC, GA and OSCC
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