Myoepithelial progenitors as founder cells of hyperplastic human breast lesions upon PIK3CA transformation

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001005933 Other

Study Description

The myoepithelial (MEP) lineage of human breast comprises bipotent and multipotent progenitors in ducts and terminal duct lobular units (TDLUs). We here assess whether this heterogeneity impacts on oncogenic PIK3CA transformation. Single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) and multicolor imaging reveal that terminal ducts represent the most enriched source of cells with ductal MEP markers including a-smooth muscle actin (a-SMA), keratin K14, K17 and CD200. Furthermore, we find neighboring CD200high and CD200low progenitors within terminal ducts. When sorted and kept in ground state conditions, their CD200low and CD200high phenotypes are preserved. Upon differentiation, progenitors remain multipotent and bipotent, respectively. Immortalized progenitors are transduced with shp53 and mutant PIK3CA. Upon transplantation, CD200low MEP progenitors distinguish from CD200high by the formation of multilayered structures with a hyperplastic inner layer of luminal epithelial cells. We suggest a model with spatially distributed MEP progenitors as founder cells of biphasic breast lesions with ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
The dataset includes 6 FASTQ files with single cell transcriptome sequencing data of normal breast myoepithelial cells from ducts and TDLUs derived from reduction mammoplasties from three patients. Chromium Single Cell 3’ Reagent Kit v2 or v3 (10x Genomics) were used for processing of cells, whereafter sequencing was performed using the Illumina® NextSeq500/550 High Output Kit v2. Cell Ranger was used for generating FASTQ files and files from different lanes were concatenated prior to ... (Show More)
NextSeq 550 6

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