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Combination of ribociclib and gemcitabine for the treatment of medulloblastoma

Group 3 (G3) medulloblastoma (MB) is one of the deadliest forms of the disease for which novel treatment is desperately needed. Here we evaluate ribociclib, a highly selective CDK4/6 inhibitor, with gemcitabine in mouse and human G3 MBs. Ribociclib CNS penetration was assessed by in vivo microdialysis and by immunohistochemistry and gene expression studies. Survival studies to determine the efficacy of ribociclib and gemcitabine combination were performed on mice orthotopically implanted with luciferase labelled mouse and human G3 MB. Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic outcomes and univariable survival models were analyzed to estimate survival. Gene activity inference using NetBID and tumor differentiation analysis investigated the effects of the combination after short and long-term treatments. Tumors from mice treated with oral ribociclib displayed inhibited RB phosphorylation, downregulated E2F target genes, and decreased proliferation. Treatment of mice with the combination of ribociclib and gemcitabine was well tolerated, slowed tumor progression and metastatic spread, and increased survival. Molecular analysis of treated versus untreated tumors showed a significant decrease in the activity and expression of genes involved in cell cycle progression and DNA damage response, and an increase in activity and expression of genes implicated in neuronal identity and neuronal differentiation. Ribociclib is CNS-penetrant. When administered/combined with gemcitabine in orthotopic G3 MB models resulted in improved survival. Our findings, with both mouse and human patient-derived-orthotopic xenograft models, suggest that this combination therapy has promise for children with G3 MB and may represent an effective treatment strategy for other CNS malignancies.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001008824 Illumina HiSeq 2000 98
Publications Citations
Combination of Ribociclib and Gemcitabine for the Treatment of Medulloblastoma.
Mol Cancer Ther 21: 2022 1306-1317