Disease specific alterations in the olfactory mucosa of patients with Alzheimer’s disease

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001006019 Other

Study Description

OOlfactory dysfunction manifests early in several neurodegenerative disorders. Olfaction is orchestrated by olfactory mucosal cells located in the upper nasal cavity. However, it is unclear how this tissue reflects key neurodegenerative features in Alzheimer’s disease. Here we report that Alzheimer´s disease olfactory mucosal cells secrete toxic amyloid-beta. We detail cell-type-specific gene expression patterns, unveiling 147 differentially expressed disease-associated genes compared to the cognitively healthy controls, and 5 distinct populations in globose basal cell -, myofibroblast-, and fibroblast/ stromal – like cells in vitro. Overall, coordinated alteration of RNA and protein metabolism, inflammatory processes and signal transduction were observed in multiple cell populations, suggesting a key role in pathophysiology. Our results demonstrate the potential of olfactory cell cultures in modelling Alzheimer´s disease. Moreover, for the first time we provide single cell data on olfactory mucosa in Alzheimer´s disease for investigating molecular and cellular mechanisms ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
The sample AD_Library_1, AD_Library_2 and Control_Library were run on a Chromium Chip B with the Chromium Single Cell 3′ Library & Gel Bead Kit v3 kit (10x Genomics, CA, USA) . The 3’ gene expression libraries were sequenced at an approximate depth of 50,000 reads per cell using the NovaSeq 6000 S1 (Illumina, San Diego, CA, USA) flow cells. Cell Ranger v.3.0.2 was used to analyze the raw base call files. FASTQ files and raw gene-barcode matrices were generated and aligned human ... (Show More)

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