The Spatial Heterogeneity in Multiple Myeloma - from the Subclonal Architecture to the Immune Microenvironment (partly hipo K08K)

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001006090 Other

Study Description

Multiple myeloma (MM) cells show pronounced heterogeneity not only within a given patient but also between spatially separated tumor loci in the bone marrow. Understanding this spatial heterogeneity is emerging as a critical challenge for the successful treatment of the disease. Yet, our understanding of spatial differences in the subclonal architecture, molecular signatures and interactions with the tumor microenvironment remains very limited. To address this shortcoming, we performed bulk and single-cell multi-region sequencing, including random bone marrow samples from the iliac crest and paired imaging-guided focal lesion specimens from 15 newly diagnosed MM patients. We found a median of 5 subclones per patient and unique subclones in focal lesions. Central features of spatial heterogeneity included a consistent down-regulation of the chemoattractant cytokines CXCL7 and CXCL12 in focal lesion tumor cells as well as a significant depletion of macrophages in the focal lesion microenvironment. In contrast, a site-specific expansion of T-cell clones was not detected in focal ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
10X Genomics scRNA- and TCR-sequencing (Chromium Next GEM Single Cell 5’ Reagent Kit v1.1) was performed on the plasma cell depleted mononuclear fraction of bone marrow aspirates from 6 patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Generated gene expression libraries were paired-end sequenced on the NovaSeq 6000 S2. Generated V(D)J libraries were paired-end sequenced on the NextSeq 550.

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