Loss of Epigenetic Barrier is Required for Enhancer Hijacking-Mediated Oncogenic Transcription
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Structural variants (SVs) involving enhancer hijacking can disrupt chromatin topologies to cause oncogene activation in cancer genomes, yet the molecular determinants for the transcriptional output of enhancer hijacking remain largely unknown. We developed a multimodal approach to integrate genome sequencing, chromosome conformation, and sequence-based deep learning for quantitative analysis of transcriptional effects and structural reorganization imposed by SVs in leukemic genomes. We identified candidate pathogenic SVs including recurrent t(5;14) translocations that cause the hijacking of BCL11B enhancers for oncogenic activation of TLX3-dependent transcriptional programs. By engineering patient-associated t(5;14) in isogenic leukemia cells, we uncovered an uncharacterized mechanism whereby DNA methylation serves as an epigenetic barrier to enhancer hijacking and loss of epigenetic barrier is a molecular determinant for the transcriptional output of pathogenic SVs. Hence, leveraging the epigenetic barriers of SV-mediated oncogenic programs may provide new opportunities to ... (Show More)
Study Datasets 1 dataset.
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Whole-genome sequencing data from 38 leukemia patients and 12 leukemia cell lines; Containing 100 fastq files; Two files for each sample.