Genome-wide cell-free DNA termini in patients with cancer

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001006142 Other

Study Description

The structure, fragmentation patterns and terminal sequences of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) are altered by nucleases and biological mechanisms in the blood of cancer patients. The cfDNA fragment-end composition recovered from low coverage WGS (<1 fold coverage) using a bespoke software (FrEIA) is aberrant in the plasma from cancer patient (n = 418, 655 samples) compared to controls (n = 117). As a standalone test FrEIA allows detection down to ~0.2% tumor fraction in vitro and in silico at 95% specificity, leading to a sensitivity of ~71% for detecting lung cancer (14/22 stage I-II, 27/38 stage III, 92/127 stage IV) and ~68% for detecting esophageal adenocarcinoma (26/44 stage II, 46/62 stage III). Additional cfDNA biological patterns can be combined with FrEIA increasing the diagnostic potential of low coverage WGS at minimal cost (mean AUROC = 0.96). Integrating multiple cfDNA biological signal augments the diagnostic performance of liquid biopsy.

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
The dataset contains 90 lung cancer and 5 non-cancerous lung lesion plasma cfDNA samples collected in EDTA blood collection tubes. Shallow WGS was performed on an Illumina Novaseq S4 PE150bp. Samples are provided as raw reads without any prior processing.
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 95

Who archives the data?

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