Phase 1 CX-5461 Trial (Canadian Cancer Trials Group Trial IND.231)

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001006173 Other

Study Description

CX-5461 is a G-quadruplex stabilizer that exhibits synthetic lethality in homologous recombination (HR) deficient models. In this multicentre Phase Ib trial in patients with solid tumors, 40 patients were treated across 10 dose levels (50 - 650 mg/m2) to determine the recommended phase II dose (RP2D), and evaluate safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics. Defective HR was explored as a predictive biomarker. CX-5461 was generally well tolerated, with a RP2D of 475 mg/m2 d1, 8 and 15 every 4 weeks, and dose limiting toxicities of phototoxicity. Responses were observed in 10% of patients, primarily in patients with defective HR (ORR 14%). Reversion mutations in PALB2 and BRCA2 were detected on progression following initial response in germline carriers, confirming the underlying synthetic lethal mechanism. In vitro characterization of UV sensitization showed this toxicity is related to the CX-5461 chemotype, independent of G4 synthetic lethality. These results establish clinical proof-of-concept for this first-in class G4 stabilizer.

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
41 WGS DNA sequences from: Phase I trial of CX-5461, a first-in-class G-quadruplex stabilizer in patients with advanced solid tumors enriched for DNA-repair deficiencies (CCTG IND.231)
Illumina HiSeq X 56

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