Small molecule inhibitors of LOXL synergize with 5-AZA to restore erythropoiesis in myeloid neoplasms

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001006174 Other

Study Description

Objectives: Bone marrow (BM) stroma and microenvironmental factors in the BM milieu of myeloid neoplasms are increasingly being recognized as novel perspective therapeutic targets. Lysyl oxidases (LOX/LOXL) are crucial enzymes that cross-link collagen and contribute to the deposition of aberrant stiff extracellular matrix (ECM) in the BM of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). Here, we studied whether inhibition of LOX/LOXL enzymes produced by BM-derived MSCs favors the differentiation of MDS/MPN hematopoietic stem cell and progenitor cells (HPSCs) and enhances the effects of 5-azacytidine (5-AZA). Methods: Primary co-cultures of MSCs and HPSCs were established from n=31 MDS/MPN patients and treated with the pan-LOX/LOXL inhibitor PXS-5505, 5-AZA or the combination of both for 4 days. At the end of co-culture, HSPC differentiation was assessed by CFU assays and flow cytometry. In some of the experiments, MSCs monolayers were pre-treated or not with PXS-5505 for 6 days and decellularized using 20 mM ammonia. Subsequently, autologous ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This dataset contains bam files mapped to hg19 (exome and panel) or hg38 (RNA) that either were primary bone marrow cells or sorted human cells after long term engraftment in NSG mice treated with LOXL inhibitor
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 147

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