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Androgen receptor blockade promotes response to BRAF/MEK-targeted therapy

We studied a group of melanoma patients treated with neoadjuvant BRAF/MEK-targeted therapy (NCT02231775, n=51), and observed significantly higher rates of major pathologic response (MPR= <10% viable tumor at resection) and improved recurrence-free survival (RFS) in females versus males (MPR-66% versus 14%, p=0.001; RFS-64% versus 32% at 2 years, p=0.021). Findings were validated in a several additional cohorts 2-4 patients with unresectable metastatic melanoma treated with BRAF and/or MEK-targeted therapy (n=664 patients in total), demonstrating improved progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in females versus males in several of these studies. Studies in pre-clinical models demonstrated significantly impaired anti-tumor activity in male versus female BRAF/MEK-treated mice (p=0.006), with significantly higher expression of androgen receptor (AR) in tumors of male and female BRAF/MEK-treated mice versus control (p=0.0006 and 0.0025). Pharmacologic inhibition of AR signaling improved responses to BRAF/MEK-targeted therapy in male and female mice (p=0.018 and p=0.003), whereas induction of AR signaling (via testosterone administration) was associated with significantly impaired response to BRAF/MEK-targeted therapy in males and females (p=0.021 and p<0.0001).

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001008708 NextSeq 500 102
Publications Citations
Androgen receptor blockade promotes response to BRAF/MEK-targeted therapy.
Nature 606: 2022 797-803