WXS and RNA-seq for 22 patients treated with radiation + immunotherapy

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001006212 Other

Study Description

Over 500 active clinical trials are investigating combination radiation (RT) and immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) as a cancer treatment; however, the majority of trials have found no positive interaction. We performed a comprehensive molecular analysis of a randomized phase I clinical trial of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with concurrent or sequential ablative RT and ICB. Concurrent treatment was superior to sequential treatment in augmenting local and distant tumor responses and improving overall survival in a subset of patients with highly aneuploid tumors, but not in those with less aneuploid tumors. Our analysis suggested that concurrent treatment eliminated immunologically cold aneuploid tumors better than sequential treatment and improved patient outcomes. In addition, we report that RT alone decreased intratumoral cytotoxic effector T cell and adaptive immune gene expression signatures, in contrast to upregulation of key immune pathways after concurrent administration of RT and ICB. Our findings distinguish the differential genomic and ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Whole exome sequencing from pre-treatment samples and matched blood normals from 22 patients. Of these individuals, on-treatment samples are available for a subset of 18 patients. RNA sequencing from pre-treatment samples from 21 patients. Of these individuals, on-treatment samples are available for a subset of 15 patients.
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 98

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