Intratumoural heterogeneity and immune modulation in lung adenocarcinoma of female smokers and never smokers

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001006331 Other

Study Description

Lung cancer is still the leading cause of cancer death worldwide despite declining smoking prevalence in industrialised countries. Although lung cancer is highly associated with smoking status, a significant proportion of lung cancer cases develop in patients who never smoked, with an observable bias towards female never smokers. A better understanding of lung cancer heterogeneity and immune system involvement during tumour evolution and progression in never smokers is therefore highly warranted. We employed single nucleus transcriptomics of surgical lung adenocarcinoma (LADC) and normal lung tissue samples from patients with or without smoking history. Immune cells as well as fibroblasts and endothelial cells respond to tobacco smoke exposure by inducing a highly inflammatory state in normal lung tissue. In the presence of LADC, we identified differentially expressed transcriptional programmes in macrophages and cancer-associated fibroblasts, providing insight into how the niche favours tumour progression. Within tumours, we distinguished eight subpopulations of neoplastic cells in ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Fastq files of single nucleus RNA Sequencing data from 26 patients including 26 lung adenocarcioma and 12 matched healthy tissue samples for 8 young female never smokers, 8 young female smokers, 7 elderly female never smokers and 3 male never smokers.
Illumina HiSeq 4000 38

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