Sex chromosome aneuploidies give rise to changes in the circular RNA profile
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Purpose The landscape of circular RNAs (circRNAs), an important class of non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression, has never been described in human disorders of sex chromosome aneuploidies. We profiled circRNAs in Turner syndrome females (45,X;TS) and Klinefelter syndrome males (47,XXY; KS) to investigate how circRNAs respond to a missing or an extra X chromosome. Methods Samples of blood, muscle and fat were collected from individuals with TS (n = 33) and KS (n = 22) and from male (n = 16) and female (n = 44) controls. CircRNAs were identified using a combination of circRNA identification pipelines (CIRI2, CIRCexplorer2 and circRNA_finder). Results Differential expression of circRNAs was observed throughout the genome in TS and KS, in all tissues. The host-genes from which several of these circRNAs were derived, were associated with known phenotypic traits. Furthermore, several differentially expressed circRNAs had the potential to capture micro RNAs that targeted protein-coding genes with altered expression in TS and KS. Conclusion Sex chromosome aneuploidies introduce ... (Show More)
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Samples of blood, muscle and fat were collected from individuals with TS (n = 33) and KS (n = 22) and from male (n = 16) and female (n = 44) controls. The RNA-seq libraries were multiplexed paired-end sequenced on an Illumina Novaseq 6000 (100 bp) and subjected to initial quality control using FastQC (BAbraham Bioinformatics). In addition to trimming of low-quality ends, adaptor removal was conducted using Trim Galore with default settings (BAbraham Bioinformatics).
|Illumina NovaSeq 6000||212|
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