Colorectal cancer study
|Study ID||Alternative Stable ID||Type|
Matrix metalloproteinase-11 (MMP11) is an enzyme with proteolytic activity against matrix and non-matrix proteins. Although most MMPs are secreted as inactive proenzymes and they are later activated extracellularly, MMP11 is activated intracellularly by furin within the constitutive secretory pathway. It is a key factor in physiological tissue remodeling and its alteration may play an important role in the progression of epithelial malignancies and other diseases. TCGA colon and colorectal adenocarcinoma data showed that upregulation of MMP11 expression correlates with tumorigenesis and malignancy. Here, we provide evidence that a germline variant in the MMP11 gene (NM_005940: c.232C>T; p.(Pro78Ser)), identified by whole exome sequencing, can increase the tumorigenic properties of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. P78S is located in the prodomain region, which is responsible for blocking MMP11’s protease activity. This variant was detected in the proband and all the cancer-affected family members analyzed, while it was not detected in healthy relatives. In silico analyses predict ... (Show More)
Study Datasets 1 dataset.
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The whole exome was sequenced in two cancer-affected members (II:1 and III:1) of the family. The family subject of this study showed an autosomal dominant mode of CRC inheritance, fulfilling the Amsterdam I clinical criteria with three CRCs in two consecutive generations. The exome capture was performed using SureSelectXT Human All Exon V3 (51Mb, Agilent Technologies), and the library was sequenced on an Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform with paired-end reads of 101bp and a 50x average coverage ... (Show More)
|Illumina HiSeq 2000||2|
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