Upper cortical layer-driven network impairment in schizophrenia

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001006495 Other

Study Description

Schizophrenia is one of the most wide-spread and complex mental disorders. To characterize the impact of schizophrenia, we performed single nucleus RNA sequencing (snRNA-seq) of >220,000 neurons from the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex of patients with schizophrenia and matched controls. Additionally, >115,000 neurons were analyzed topographically by immunohistochemistry. Compositional analysis of snRNA-seq data revealed a reduction in abundance of GABAergic neurons and a concomitant increase in principal neurons, most pronounced for upper cortical layer subtypes, which was substantiated by histological analysis. Many neuronal subtypes showed extensive transcriptomic changes, the most dramatic - in upper layer GABAergic neurons, including downregulation in energy metabolism and upregulation in neurotransmission. Transcription factor network analysis demonstrated a developmental origin of transcriptomic changes. Finally, Visium spatial transcriptomics further corroborated upper layer neuron vulnerability in schizophrenia. Overall, our results point towards general network ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This dataset contains 10x Genomics v3 3’ single nuclei RNA sequencing (24 human schizophrenia and control samples) and 10x Genomics Visium spatial transcriptomics (14 human schizophrenia and control samples) datasets. Files are in .bam format, output of the cellranger v3.1.0 ( for snRNA-seq and spaceranger v1.1.0 ... (Show More)
Illumina NovaSeq 6000,NextSeq 500 38

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