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Single-cell RNA-seq analysis for COVID19 patients

While SARS-CoV-2 infection causes mild respiratory disease in most individuals, a small group of patients develops severe COVID-19. Dysfunctional innate immune responses have been identified to contribute to differences in COVID-19 severity, but the key regulators are still unknown. Here, we present an integrative single-cell epigenetics, transcriptomic, and genetics analysis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from hospitalized and convalescent COVID-19 patients. In classical monocytes, we identified 41.3% of significantly up-regulated genes in hospitalized COVID-19 patients potentially induced by differential chromatin accessibility. Sub-clustering and motif-enrichment analyses of monocytes reveal disease condition-specific regulation by transcription factors, such as C/EBPs and SPI1, and their targets, including a long-noncoding RNA LUCAT1, which further regulates interferon responses and is associated with the need for oxygen supply of COVID-19 patients. The interaction between C/EBPs and LUCAT1 was validated through loss-of-function experiments. Finally, we investigated genetic risk variants that exhibit allele-specific open chromatin (ASoC) in promoters/enhancers of COVID-19 patients. Integrating our data with publicly available expression quantitative trait loci and chromosomal interactions indicates that ASoC SNP rs6800484-C is associated with lower expression of CCR2, which may contributeto higher viral loads in lungs and higher risk of COVID-19 hospitalization. Altogether, our study highlights the diverse genetic and epigenetic regulators that contribute to the innate immune responses of different COVID-19 patients.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001009331 Illumina NovaSeq 6000 32
Publications Citations
Altered and allele-specific open chromatin landscape reveals epigenetic and genetic regulators of innate immunity in COVID-19.
Cell Genom 3: 2023 100232