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T cell responses of ALS patients

In this project, we aimed to understand how T cell responses contribute to the disease progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The present data is on single-cell sequencing isolated from human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cells from both ALS patients (n=5) and controls (n=4). This analysis was conducted as part of a bigger project which is summarized in the section below. We used flow cytometry to define T cell subsets and phenotypes in blood and CSF samples collected at the time of diagnosis on a cohort of 89 newly diagnosed ALS patients in Stockholm, Sweden. High frequency of CD4+FOXP3- effector T cells in blood and CSF was associated with poor survival whereas high frequency of activated regulatory T (Treg) cells and high ratio between activated and resting Treg cells in blood was associated with better survival. T cell profiles also predicted disease progression rate. On an independent cohort of cases and controls, we used single cell transcriptomics data to demonstrate that ALS patients had altered T cell gene expression patterns and clonally expanded CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in CSF. In summary, T cell responses contribute to disease progression of ALS, supporting modulation of adaptive immunity as a viable therapeutic option.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001009623 Illumina NovaSeq 6000 36
Publications Citations
T cell responses at diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis predict disease progression.
Nat Commun 13: 2022 6733