The University of Hong Kong Colon Cancer GCV Study
|Study ID||Alternative Stable ID||Type|
Background: Ganciclovir (GCV) is widely used in solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients for prophylaxis and treatment of cytomegalovirus. It has long been considered a mutagen and carcinogen. However, the contribution of GCV to cancer incidence and other factors that influence its mutagenicity remains unknown. Methods: This retrospective cohort study analysed genomics data for 121,771 patients who had undergone targeted sequencing compiled by the Genomics Evidence Neoplasia Information Exchange (GENIE) or Foundation Medicine (FM). A statistical approach was developed to identify patients with GCV-associated mutational signature (GCVsig) from targeted sequenced data of tumour samples. Cell line exposure models were further used to quantify mutation burden and DNA damage caused by GCV and other antiviral and immunosuppressive drugs. Results: Mutational profiles from 22 of 121,771 patient samples in the GENIE and FM cohorts showed evidence of GCVsig. A diverse range of cancers was represented. All patients with detailed clinical history available had previously ... (Show More)
Study Datasets 1 dataset.
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Human clonal intestinal organoids were treated with 1µM MMF (Roche), 20 μM GCV (Hainan Poly Pharm Co Ltd), or in combinations (1 µM MMF + 20 μM GCV or 1 µM MMF + 40 μM GCV) continuously for 4-6 weeks. DNA was extracted after drug treatment. WGS was performed with 150 bp PE sequencing at 30X using an Illumina Novaseq sequencer.
|Illumina NovaSeq 6000||6|
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