DNA methylation-based classification of sinonasal tumors [DNA sequencing]

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001006713 Other

Study Description

The diagnosis of sinonasal tumors is challenging due to a heterogeneous spectrum of various differential diagnoses as well as poorly defined, disputed entities such as sinonasal undifferentiated carcinomas (SNUCs). In this study, we apply a machine learning algorithm based on DNA methylation patterns to classify sinonasal tumors with clinical-grade reliability. We further show that sinonasal tumors with SNUC morphology are not as undifferentiated as their current terminology suggests but rather reassigned to four distinct molecular classes defined by epigenetic, mutational and proteomic profiles. This includes two classes with neuroendocrine differentiation, characterized by IDH2 or SMARCA4/ARID1A mutations with an overall favorable clinical course, one class composed of highly aggressive SMARCB1-deficient carcinomas and another class with tumors that represent previously misclassified adenoid cystic carcinomas. This repository includes the results from DNA sequencing and mass spectrometry-based proteomics.

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This dataset contains raw exome sequencing data from nine sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma FFPE samples and matched normal tissue that were assigned to a shared epigenetic class using DNA methylation-based classification. They were analyzed using the Twist Human Core Exome Plus Kit (Twist Bioscience) on a NovaSeq 6000 sequencer.
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 15

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