Transcriptional reprogramming from innate immune functions to a pro thrombotic signature upon SARS CoV 2 sensing by monocytes in COVID 19

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001006788 Transcriptome Analysis

Study Description

Alterations in the myeloid immune compartment have been observed in COVID-19, but the specific mechanisms underlying these impairments are not completely understood. Here we examined the functionality of classical CD14+ monocytes as a main myeloid cell component in well-defined cohorts of patients with mild and moderate COVID-19 during the acute phase of infection and compared them to that of healthy individuals. We found that ex vivo isolated CD14+ monocytes from mild and moderate COVID-19 patients display specific expression patterns of costimulatory and inhibitory receptors that clearly distinguish them from healthy monocytes, as well as an altered metabolic profile. In addition, decreased NFB activation in COVID-19 monocytes ex vivo is accompanied by an intact type I IFN antiviral response. Secondary pathogen sensing ex vivo led to a state of functional unresponsiveness characterized by a defect in pro-inflammatory cytokine expression, NFB-driven cytokine responses and defective type I IFN response in moderate COVID-19 monocytes, together with defects in the metabolic ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This dataset was used to compare gene expression profiles of ex vivo isolated classical CD14+ monocytes from patients with moderate COVID-19 to those of healthy individuals. Blood samples were taken from patients with moderate COVID-19 admitted to hospitals in London (Hammersmith Hospital, Charing Cross Hospital, Saint Mary’s Hospital) 3-14 days after disease onset and 0-2 days after hospitalization and positive PCR, and before study treatment initiation. Moderate patients displayed mild or ... (Show More)
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 42

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