Transcriptional reprogramming from innate immune functions to a pro thrombotic signature upon SARS CoV 2 sensing by monocytes in COVID 19
|Study ID||Alternative Stable ID||Type|
Alterations in the myeloid immune compartment have been observed in COVID-19, but the specific mechanisms underlying these impairments are not completely understood. Here we examined the functionality of classical CD14+ monocytes as a main myeloid cell component in well-defined cohorts of patients with mild and moderate COVID-19 during the acute phase of infection and compared them to that of healthy individuals. We found that ex vivo isolated CD14+ monocytes from mild and moderate COVID-19 patients display specific expression patterns of costimulatory and inhibitory receptors that clearly distinguish them from healthy monocytes, as well as an altered metabolic profile. In addition, decreased NFB activation in COVID-19 monocytes ex vivo is accompanied by an intact type I IFN antiviral response. Secondary pathogen sensing ex vivo led to a state of functional unresponsiveness characterized by a defect in pro-inflammatory cytokine expression, NFB-driven cytokine responses and defective type I IFN response in moderate COVID-19 monocytes, together with defects in the metabolic ... (Show More)
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This dataset was used to compare gene expression profiles of ex vivo isolated classical CD14+ monocytes from patients with moderate COVID-19 to those of healthy individuals. Blood samples were taken from patients with moderate COVID-19 admitted to hospitals in London (Hammersmith Hospital, Charing Cross Hospital, Saint Mary’s Hospital) 3-14 days after disease onset and 0-2 days after hospitalization and positive PCR, and before study treatment initiation. Moderate patients displayed mild or ... (Show More)
|Illumina NovaSeq 6000||42|
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