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scRNASeq of human innate lymphoid cells from different compartments

Group 1 innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) comprise a heterogeneous family of cytotoxic natural killer (NK) cells and ILC1s. We identifiy a population of “liver-type” ILC1s with transcriptional, phenotypic, and functional features distinct from those of conventional and liver-resident NK cells as well as from other previously described human ILC1 subsets. LT-ILC1s were CD49a+CD94+CD200R1+, expressed the transcription factor T-BET, do not express the activating receptor NKp80, or the transcription factor EOMES. Similar to NK cells, liver-type ILC1s produce IFN-γ, TNF-α, and GM-CSF; however, liver-type ILC1s also produce IL-2 and lack perforin and granzyme B. Liver- type ILC1s are expanded in cirrhotic liver tissues, and they can be produced from blood-derived ILC precursors in vitro in the presence of TGF-β1 and liver sinusoidal endothelial cells. Cells with similar signature and function can also be found in tonsil and intestinal tissues. Collectively, our study identifies and classifies a population of human cross-tissue ILC1s.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001009861 Illumina NovaSeq 6000 15
Publications Citations
Single-cell RNA sequencing identifies a population of human liver-type ILC1s.
Cell Rep 42: 2023 111937