T cell landscape definition by multi-omics identifies galectin-9 as novel immunotherapy target in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001006864 Other

Study Description

Failure of immunotherapy after applying checkpoint inhibitors or CAR-T cells is linked to T cell exhaustion. Here, we explored the T cell landscape in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) by single-cell omics analyses of blood, bone marrow and lymph node samples of patients and spleen samples of a CLL mouse model. By single-cell RNA- sequencing, mass cytometry (CyTOF), and multiplex image analysis of tissue microarrays, we defined the spectrum of phenotypes and transcriptional programs of T cells and and their differentiation state trajectories. We identified disease-specific accumulation of distinct regulatory T cell subsets and T cells harboring an exhausted phenotype exclusively in the CLL lymph node tissue. Integration of TCR data revealed a clonal expansion of CD8+ precursor exhausted T cells, suggesting their reactivity for CLL cells. Interactome analyses identified the TIM3 ligand Galectin-9 as novel immunoregulatory molecule in CLL. Blocking of Galectin-9 in CLL-bearing mice slowed down disease development and reduced the number of TIM3 expressing T cells. Galectin-9 ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
single cell RNAseq and TCR sequencing data of 5 individuals. 10x Genomics VDJ single cell sequencing (17 runs) and 10x Genomics sc RNA-Seq (19 runs). The VDJ sequencing was done on a Nextseq 550 using the Chromium Single Cell VDJ Reagent Kit. The RNA-Seq was done either on HiSeq4000 or NovaSeq 6000 using the Chromium Single Cell 5 Reagent Kit.
Illumina HiSeq 4000,Illumina NovaSeq 6000,NextSeq 550 10

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