Separation of chronic myeloid leukemia stem cells from normal hematopoietic stem cells at single-cell resolution

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001006904 Other

Study Description

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal disease, initiated and sustained by a subpopulation of CML stem cells (CML-SC) containing the BCR::ABL1 oncogene. Genetic markers that enrich for CML-SC have been identified, including CD26 being most specific. Genome sequencing analysis remain yet to be performed at single cell level in order to determine differences and heterogeneity in the genetic profile of CML-SC versus normal hematopoietic stem cells (HSC). Here we show that CD26 and CD33 separate CML-SC from normal HSC in freshly isolated bone marrow samples from newly diagnosed CML patients. DNA sequencing confirms that single CML-SC derived colonies are positive for BCR::ABL1 and harbor a recurrent set of patient-specific clonal somatic mutations across different CML-SC derived colonies. In contrast, marker-negative (CD26-CD33-) HSC from the same patients are negative for the BCR::ABL1 oncogene and do not carry recurrent, clonal mutation across different colonies. These results support the concept that CD26/CD33 expression separates genetically defined, clonal mutant CML-SC from ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
We provide whole exome DNA sequening data in fastq format for 23 clinical samples of chronic myeloid leukemia stem cells (CML-SC) plus two buccal swipes derived normal samples. CML samples are comprised of 4 to 8 replicates from two patients, at diagnosis and after treatment. Single CML stem cells before treatment and single non-transformed hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) at remission were selected from bone marrow samples by FACS, according to newly identified genetic markers CD33+CD26+ at ... (Show More)
NextSeq 500 25

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