Molecular features of adenomas predicting metachronous colorectal cancer: a nested-case control study

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001007039 Other

Study Description

"Background & Aims: Current morphological features defining advanced adenomas (size ≥10 mm, high grade dysplasia or >25% villous component) cannot optimally distinguish individuals at high-risk or low-risk of metachronous colorectal cancer (me-CRC), which may result in suboptimal surveillance. Certain DNA copy number alterations are associated with adenoma-to-carcinoma progression (cancer-associated events; CAEs). We aimed to evaluate whether CAEs can better predict an individual’s risk of me-CRC than the morphological advanced adenoma features. Methods: In this nested case-control study, 529 individuals with a single adenoma at their first colonoscopy were selected from a Norwegian adenoma cohort. DNA copy number profiles were determined, by means of low-coverage whole genome sequencing. We assessed the prevalence of CAEs in advanced and non-advanced adenomas and its association with me-CRC. For the latter, cases (with CRC) were matched to controls (without CRC), with the same follow-up period as cases, as well as age and sex. Subsequently, odds ratios (OR) for the ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples from 643 colorectal adenomas collected in different hospitals in Norway, from which DNA was extracted, were analysed for DNA copy number alterations. Some adenomas had more than one block (n=42), thus 643 individuals, 685 blocks. Low-coverage whole genome sequencing was run in all samples. For 529 individuals all the clinical information was available. A subset was matched for follow-up time, age and sex in a nested case-control approach (n=366; cases - ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 2500 685

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