Transgenerational transmission of reproductive and metabolic dysfunction in the male progeny of polycystic ovary syndrome
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The transgenerational maternal effects of PCOS in female progeny have been revealed. As there are evidence that a male equivalent of PCOS may exist, we asked whether sons born to mother with PCOS (PCOS-sons) transmit reproductive and metabolic phenotypes to their male progeny. Here, in a Swedish nationwide register-based cohort and a clinical case-control study from Chile we found that PCOS-sons are more often obese and dyslipidemic. Their serum miRNAs are found to potentially regulate PCOS-risk genes. Our prenatal androgenized PCOS-like mouse model with or without diet-induced obesity confirmed that reproductive and metabolic dysfunctions in F1 male offspring are passed down to F3. Small non-coding RNAs (sncRNAs) sequencing of F1-F3 sperm revealed distinct differentially expressed (DE) sncRNAs across generations in the androgenized, obese, and obese and androgenized lineages, respectively. Notably, common targets between transgenerational DEsncRNAs in mouse sperm and in PCOS-sons serum indicate similar effects of maternal hyperandrogenism. These findings strengthen the ... (Show More)
Study Datasets 1 dataset.
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Human small non-coding RNA sequencing of serum from sons of PCOS mothers (n=9) and sons of control mothers (n=9), see publication for details.