Genetic heritage of the Baphuthi highlights an over-ethnicised notion of 'Bushman' in the Maloti-Drakensberg, southern Africa

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001007080 Other

Study Description

Using contemporary people as proxies for ancient communities is a contentious but necessary practice in anthropology. In southern Africa, the distinction between the Cape KhoeSan and eastern KhoeSan remains unclear as ethnicity labels have been changed through time and most communities were decimated if not extirpated. The eastern KhoeSan may have had genetic distinctions from neighbouring communities who speak Bantu languages and KhoeSan further away, alternatively the identity may not have been tied to any notion of biology, instead denoting communities with a nomadic 'lifeway' distinct from African agro-pastoralism. The Baphuthi of the 1800s in the Maloti-Drakensberg, southern Africa had a substantial KhoeSan constituency and a lifeway of nomadism, cattle raiding, and horticulture. Baphuthi heritage could provide insights into the history of the eastern KhoeSan. We examine genetic affinities of 23 Baphuthi to discern whether the narrative of KhoeSan descent reflects distinct genetic ancestry. Genome-wide SNP data (Illumina GSA) were merged with 52 global populations, for 160K ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 2 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Individuals genotyped on the Illumina Omni2.5. Autosome and X chromosome.
Illumina SNP Array, Omni2.5-8 v1.3 2
Individuals genotyped on the Illumina GSA v2. Autosome and X chromosome.
Illumina SNP Array, Global Screening Array v2 30

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