Quantitative analysis of a novel DNA hypermethylation panel for lung cancer diagnosis using bronchial specimens

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001007089 Other

Study Description

Non-diagnostic findings in Transbronchial Lung Biopsy (TBLB) and Endobronchial Ultrasound-guided Transbronchial Lung Biopsy (EBUS-TBLB) are not uncommon. A challenge is to improve lung cancer detection by TBLB/EBUS-TBLB. In order to improve the diagnostic yield of bronchoscopy, we used 850K methylation chip to identify methylation sites that distinguish malignant from benign lung nodules.We found that the combination of HOXA7, SHOX2,and SCT methylation analysis has the best diagnostic yield in 123 bronchial washing (sensitivity: 74·1%; AUC: 0·851) and 172 brushing samples (sensitivity: 86·1%; AUC: 0·915). We developed a kit comprising these three genes and validated the kit in 329 unique bronchial washing samples, 397 unique brushing samples, and 179 unique patients with both washing and brushing samples. The diagnostic accuracy of the panel alone in lung cancer diagnosis was 86·9%, 91·2% and 95% in bronchial washing, brushing, and washing+brushing samples, respectively. The panel's sensitivity in combination with cytology, rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE), and histology in ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
The dataset includes IDAT raw files for 10 samples and the analyzed DMP file which describes the differential methylation positions based on Illumina Infinium MethylationEPIC BeadChip. All samples (5 lung cancer cases vs. 5 benign lung disease controls) were obtained from bronchial washings at the site of the lesion under bronchoscopy manipulation. The histological type of the five lung cancer cases is adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.
Illumina Infinium MethylationEPIC BeadChip (850 K) 10

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