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RNA stability controlled by m6A methylation contributes to X-to-autosome dosage compensation in mammals

In mammals, X-chromosomal genes are expressed from a single copy since males (XY) possess a single X chromosome, while females (XX) undergo X inactivation. To compensate for this reduction in dosage compared to two active copies of autosomes, it has been proposed that genes from the active X chromosome exhibit dosage compensation. However, the existence and mechanism of X-to-autosome dosage compensation are still under debate. Here, we show that X-chromosomal transcripts are reduced in m6A modifications and more stable compared to their autosomal counterparts. Acute depletion of m6A selectively stabilises autosomal transcripts, resulting in perturbed dosage compensation in mouse embryonic stem cells. We propose that higher stability of X-chromosomal transcripts is directed by lower levels of m6A, indicating that mammalian dosage compensation is partly regulated by epitranscriptomic RNA modifications.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001010194 NextSeq 500 6
Publications Citations
RNA stability controlled by m<sup>6</sup>A methylation contributes to X-to-autosome dosage compensation in mammals.
Nat Struct Mol Biol 30: 2023 1207-1215