T cell receptor repertoire sequencing reveals chemotherapy-driven clonal expansion in colorectal liver metastases
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Colorectal liver metastasis (CLM) is a leading cause of colorectal cancer mortality, and the response to immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI) in microsatellite stable CRC has been disappointing. Administration of cytotoxic chemotherapy may cause increased density of tumour infiltrating T cells, which has been associated with improved response to ICI. This study aimed to quantify and characterize T cell infiltration in CLM using T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire sequencing. Eighty-five resected CLM from patients included in the Oslo CoMet study were subjected to TCR repertoire sequencing. Thirty-five and 15 patients had received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) within a short or long interval, respectively, prior to resection, while 35 patients had not been exposed to NACT. T cell fractions were calculated, repertoire clonality was analysed based on Hill evenness curves, and TCR sequential convergence was assessed using network analysis. Increased T cell fractions (10.6% vs 6.3%) were detected in CLM exposed to NACT within a short interval prior to resection, while modestly increased ... (Show More)
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This is the raw TCRseq data for the manuscript T cell receptor repertoire sequencing reveals chemotherapy-driven clonal expansion in colorectal liver metastases.