A Genome-Wide Association Study of Sporadic ALS in an Irish Population (SIALS) and Sequencing and Analysis of an Irish Human Genome
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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of motor neurons. Epidemiological studies indicate that 2-5% of cases are familial, usually with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. For a portion of these, causative genes have been identified. The remaining 95% of ALS cases are described as sporadic, and believed to result from a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
This study utilized samples from Irish patients with sporadic ALS and Irish control individuals. The aim of the study was to identify susceptibility alleles for ALS in the Irish population. Genome-wide, single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping was undertaken using Illumina 550K version 3 chips. Genotyping data are available on 221 SALS patients and 211 controls.
Future work will aim to examine ALS genetic risk at individual sequence level. As an initial step, as of September 2010 we have made available the human genome sequence from a single anonymous male control individual from the SIALS ... (Show More)