A Genome-Wide Association Study in Participants Experiencing Breast Cancer Events in High-Risk Postmenopausal Women Receiving Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators on NSABP Trials P-1 and P-2. A Collaboration Between the NIH Pharmacogenetics Research Network and the RIKEN Yokohama Institute Center for Genomic Medicine
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The primary aim of this study is to identify genes related to the occurrence of breast events, defined as occurrence of invasive breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), in women at high risk of developing breast cancer who have received a Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator (SERM - tamoxifen or raloxifene) on the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) P-1 or P-2 trials. Cases and controls were selected from the tamoxifen arm in the P-1 and from the tamixifen and raloxifene arms in the P-2 trial. For the P-1 trial, cases and controls were required to be 50 years of age or older at time of entry. Cases were females who experienced an invasive breast cancer or DCIS on P-1 or P-2. Controls were females who did not experience an invasive breast cancer or DCIS.
A nested matched case-control design was used, with matching on the following factors: 1) trial and treatment arm (P-1 tamoxifen, P-2 tamoxifen, P-2 raloxifene); 2) age at trial entry (when controls could not be exactly matched on age, we incremented the age of matching by +/- ... (Show More)