The Genomics and Randomized Trials Network (GARNET) Vitamin Intervention Stroke Prevention (VISP) trial
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The VISP trial (PI Jim Toole, M.D., Wake Forest University School of Medicine) was a multi-center, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial that enrolled patients aged 35 or older with Hcy levels above the 25th percentile at screening and a non-disabling cerebral infarction (NDCI) within 120 days of randomization [Toole, 2002]. The trial was designed to determine if daily intake of a multivitamin tablet with high dose folic acid, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 reduced recurrent cerebral infarction (primary endpoint), and nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) or mortality (secondary endpoints). Subjects were randomly assigned to receive daily doses of the high-dose formulation (n=1,827), containing 25mg pyridoxine (B6), 0.4mg cobalamin (B12), and 2.5mg folic acid; or the low-dose formulation (n=1,853), containing 200µg pyridoxine, 6 µg cobalamin and 20µg folic acid. Enrollment in VISP began in August 1997, and was completed in December 2001, with 3,680 participants enrolled.
Within the trial, 2,164 participants from 46 clinic sites provided ... (Show More)