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Towards a Genomic Understanding of Myeloma

This project was designed to describe genetic abnormalities in primary samples from patients with multiple myeloma by next generation sequencing.

We generated sequence data from multiple myeloma (MM) patients analyzing DNA both from tumor cells (purified from bone marrow using CD138 selection as a marker of plasma cells) and from normal peripheral blood cells (either whole blood or Ficoll-purified mononuclear cells). Using massively parallel sequencing technology (Illumina GA-2 or HiSeq)), we performed whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and/or whole-exome sequencing (WES). The initial set currently deposited contains data from 38 MM patients (23 patients surveyed by WGS and 16 patients by WES, with one patient analyzed by both approaches).

Genomes were sampled to high depth, obtaining an average of 33X coverage and 104X coverage for WGS and WES tumors, respectively. The normal samples had similar coverage. Our goal is to help researchers understand the complex genetic landscape of multiple myeloma and provide a resource for the generation of biological hypotheses.