SLCO1B1 Variants and Methotrexate Clearance

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
phs000426 Cohort

Study Description

Methotrexate plasma concentration is related to its clinical effects. To identify the genetic basis of interindividual variability in methotrexate pharmacokinetics in children with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), we performed a genome-wide analysis (GWAS) of 500,568 germline single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 434 children with ALL who received 3,014 courses of methotrexate at 2 to 5 g/m2. SNPs were validated in an independent cohort of 206 patients. Adjusting for age, race, sex, and methotrexate regimen, the most significant associations were with SNPs in the organic anion transporter polypeptide, SLCO1B1 (rs11045879 (P = 1.7 x 10-10) and rs4149081 (P = 1.7 x 10-9) (Trevino et al, PMID: 19901119). To test whether rare variants in SLCO1B1 could alter its function, we genotyped SLCO1B1 exons in a slightly larger group of 699 children with ALL who received methotrexate and identified 93 single nucleotide ... (Show More)

Archive Link Archive Accession
dbGaP phs000426

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