A Genome-Wide Association Analysis in Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor-Associated Angioedema and ACE Inhibitor-Exposed Controls; A Collaboration between the NIH Pharmacogenomics Research Network and the RIKEN Yokohama Center for Genomic Medicine
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The purpose of this study is to identify genetic predictors of ACE inhibitor-associated angioedema. In addition to preventing the formation of the pressor angiotensin II, ACE inhibitors prevent the carboxyl-terminal degradation of the vasoactive substances bradykinin and substance P. Angioedema is hypothesized to result from defective amino-terminal degradation of bradykinin or substance P in patients in whom ACE is inhibited. For example, activity of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV), the enzyme responsible for the inactivation of substance P when ACE is inhibited, is decreased in patients with angioedema. In preliminary studies, we have identified SNPs in the DPP4 gene that associate with DPP-IV activity and, in blacks, with risk of angioedema.
This project will use genome-wide genotyping to compare 250 cases and 568 ACE inhibitor-exposed control subjects (131 cases and 288 controls ascertained at Vanderbilt and 70 cases and 280 controls ascertained at the Marshfield Clinic). We plan a 2-stage analysis of associations between SNPs and angioedema - first, we will study ... (Show More)