Genetic defects in familial renal disorders
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- Several different genes cause, when mutated, increased urinary phosphate excretion and hypophosphatemia leading to rickets/osteomalacia; however, the majority of phosphate-wasting disorders has not yet been defined at the molecular level. Identification of phosphate-regulating genes has provided important novel insights into the mechanism contributing to phosphate homeostasis, which remains incompletely understood. We therefore pursue exome-wide nucleotide sequence analysis to define the underlying mutations, which is expected to provide novel insights into the regulation of this important mineral.
- Virtually nothing is known about the genetic mutations that cause non-syndromic structural abnormalities involving the urinary tract, which represent about 50% of the causes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The completion of the human genome project and the technological advances that allow low cost whole exome sequencing have now made it feasible to readily search for the cause of different inherited disorders in humans, particularly if clinical information ... (Show More)