National Heart Lung and Blood Institute Exome sequencing in SCID

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
phs000479 Parent-Offspring Trios

Study Description

Analysis of the molecular etiologies of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) has led to important insights into the control of immune cell development. Most cases of SCID result from either X-linked or autosomal recessive inheritance of mutations in a known causative gene. However, in some cases, the molecular etiology remains unclear. To identify the cause of SCID in a patient known to lack the protein tyrosine phosphatase CD45, we utilized single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) arrays and whole exome sequencing. The patient's mother was heterozygous for an inactivating mutation in CD45, while the paternal alleles lacked mutations. The patient exhibited a single CD45 mutation identical to the maternal allele. Patient SNP array analysis revealed no change in copy number but loss of heterozygosity for the entire length of chromosome 1 (Chr1), indicating that disease was caused by uniparental disomy (UPD) with isodisomy of the entire maternal Chr1 bearing the CD45 mutation. Non-lymphoid blood cells and other mesoderm and ectoderm-derived tissues retained ... (Show More)

Archive Link Archive Accession
dbGaP phs000479

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