Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF)
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The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF) is a prospective multicenter study of risk factors for vertebral and non vertebral fractures. The cohort is comprised of 9704 community-dwelling women 65 years old or older recruited from populations-based listings in four U.S. areas: Baltimore, Maryland; Minneapolis, Minnesota; Portland, Oregon; and the Monongahela Valley, Pennsylvania. Women enrolled in the study were 99% Caucasian with African American women initially excluded from the study due to their low incidence of hip fractures. (A cohort of AA women was recruited at the 6th Visit.)
The SOF participants were followed up every four months by postcard or telephone to ascertain the occurrence of falls, fractures and changes in address. To date, follow-up rates have exceeded 95% for vital status and fractures. All fractures are validated by x-ray reports or in the case of most hip fractures, a review of pre-operative radiographs.
Blood samples were collected in 6795 women at their Year 2 exam (Visit 2) and with written consent for use of DNA in genetic studies. ... (Show More)