Identification of Recurrent NAB2-STAT6 Gene Fusions in Solitary Fibrous Tumor by Integrative Sequencing
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Transcriptome sequencing of solitary fibrous tumors / hemangiopericytomas from a variety of anatomic sites revealed recurrent gene fusions between two genes, NAB2 and STAT6. All SFTs examined exhibited an in-frame fusion transcript encoding a fusion protein containing the EGR1 interaction domain of NAB2 with the transcriptional activation domain of STAT6. Functional testing of the fusion alleles confirmed the conversion of the wt NAB2 repressor into a transcriptional activator. A range of individual fusion junctions can be detected by next-generation sequencing acro the sample set, highlighting the suitability of this method in the diagnostic characterization of SFTs. This study indentified the pathognomonic alteration in solitary fibrous tumors and illuminates a pathway towards targeted therapeutics for this cancer.