Exome Sequencing of Esophageal Adenocarcinoma

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
phs000598 Case Set

Study Description

The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) has risen 600% over the last 30 years. When coupled to the five-year survival rate of only 15% for this disease, identification of new therapeutic targets for EAC is of great importance. Here, we analyze the mutational spectra identified from the whole genome sequencing of 16 EACs and complete exome sequencing of 149 EAC tumors and matched germline samples. We identify a novel mutation signature marked by high prevalence of A to C transversions at AA*(N) trinucleotides. Notably, the development of EAC is preceded by pathologic intestinal metaplasia of the lower esophagus, Barrett's esophagus, itself a response to injury from gastric-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). Thus, we hypothesize to represent these AA*(N) mutations to a novel signature of GERD-induced mutagenesis. Analysis of the exome data identified 26 genes subject to statistically significant recurrent mutation. Of these 26 genes, only TP53, CDKN2A, SMAD4, and PIK3CA had been previously implicated in EAC. Novel mutations include those targeting chromatin modifying ... (Show More)

Archive Link Archive Accession
dbGaP phs000598

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