The mutational characterization of adenoid cystic carcinoma
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Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) typically emanate from the major and minor salivary glands of the head and neck. ACCs have high rates of perineural invasion, locoregional recurrence, and distant metastasis. Here we report sequencing of 60 tumor/normal pairs and find substantial mutational diversity. On pathway analysis, a significant percentage of mutations involved chromatin remodeling, DNA damage, protein kinase A signaling, and FGF/IGF/PI3K signaling. Whole genome sequencing and FISH confirmed the MYB-NFIB translocation as the main structural variant in ACC. Evaluation of potential driver mutations KDM6A and PIK3CA reveal that specific, observed alterations impart functional consequences. Collectively, our data delineate the ACC mutational landscape and establish a molecular foundation for investigating new therapies for this disease.