Characterization of the Gut-Associated Microbiome in Inflammatory Pouch Complications Following Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis
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This study involved evaluation of the tissue associated microbiome of the ileal pouch following surgery for ulcerative colitis (UC) or familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). Individuals were recruited, with biopsies taken from the ileal pouch and the pre-pouch ileum, microbial DNA was extracted and sequenced using 454 pyrosequencing. Total bacterial community structure and abundance were evaluated to determine which changes were characteristic of inflammatory phenotypes including pouchitis (inflammation of the ileal pouch) and a Crohn's disease-like phenotype.