Genome-Wide Association Study of Anorexia Nervosa (Price Foundation, Klarman Family Foundation, Center for Applied Genomics at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Scripps Translational Sciences Institute Clinical Translational Science Award)
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Twin studies are consistent with substantial heritability in anorexia nervosa (AN), although detecting and confirming individual risk alleles has been difficult, due to small effects of single alleles and limited samples in prior studies.
Methods: 1105 AN DNA samples obtained in a multisite study and 3733 pediatric patients of normal body weight were genotyped using the Illumina 610Q chip at The Center for Applied Genomics at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Cases and controls were of European ancestry. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotypes were subjected to quality control procedures, including elimination of SNPs with: call rates < 95%, minor allele frequency < 5%, and if Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium testing yielded p < 0.0001. Samples were removed if not of European ancestry or if showing cryptic relatedness. Eight AN DNA samples were deleted for low call rate, and 51 AN samples were deleted for cryptic relatedness. The statistical program, PLINK, was used to calculate a P value for each SNP passing quality control using the ... (Show More)