Oncogenomics of Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors
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Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are a group of highly aggressive soft tissue sarcomas that may occur sporadically, in association with neurofibromatosis type I (NF1-associated), or after radiotherapy (RT-associated). We utilized comprehensive genomic approaches and identified recurrent loss-of-function somatic alterations in the Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) core components EED or SUZ12. Genetic loss of either of these two genes results in complete loss of H3K27me3 and aberrant transcriptional programming in the affected tumors.