University of Miami Udall Center of Excellence Identification of Rare Variants in PD through Whole Exome Sequencing
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The focus of this study is to identify a new level of genetic variation, i.e. rare genetic variants with a population frequency less than 5%, usually less than 1%, which are believed to provide a stronger risk per variant than those studied to date in the large genome wide association studies (GWAS). To do this we are generating whole exome sequencing data on the Illumina HiSeq. Each HiSeq produces at least 600 billion base pairs of DNA sequence in one run. Whole exome sequencing sequence data, about 50 million base pairs, or about 1.5% of the total DNA of each person's genome, is generated. We are using this data to look for new DNA variations that give risk for Parkinson disease, as well as "modifiers", that may lead to having more severe or milder disease or later or earlier ages of onset.