Genetic Aberrations and Subclonal Structure Impact Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
phs000922 Longitudinal

Study Description

Large-scale whole-exome sequencing (WES) of primary tumor samples enables the unbiased discovery of recurrent putative driver events and patterns of clonal evolution. We report the identification of 44 recurrently mutated genes and 11 recurrent CNVs through the WES of 538 chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and matched germline DNAs. These include previously unrecognized cancer drivers (e.g., RPS15, IKZF3), and collectively identify nuclear export, MYC activity and MAPK signaling as central pathways affected by somatic mutation in CLL. A clonality analysis of this large dataset further enabled the reconstruction of temporal relationships between these driver events. Several drivers were associated with shorter progression-free survival (PFS) in 280 samples that were collected prior to uniform treatment with front line chemo-immunotherapy, with mature follow up of greater than 10 years. Direct comparison between matched pretreatment and relapse CLL from 59 samples demonstrated marked clonal evolution occurring in more than 95% of these patients. Distinct patterns of clonal ... (Show More)

Archive Link Archive Accession
dbGaP phs000922

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